Tinea versicolor accounts for 5% of Europe’s population, 2% of the population of Asia and Africa, approximately 10% of the total number of patients visiting Dermatology clinics . In the beginning, it may not affect to the health but affects its aesthetic, psychological and psychological implications. Knowing about the tinea versicolor, tinea versicolor diet, how to get rid of tinea versicolor, etc… are essential for you.
In fact, men suffer from disease more than women, and adults are more common than children. Disease is sporadic, sometimes increased seasonally. These following information may show you one of many other tinea versicolor pictures that you should add in your health book.
What is tinea versicolor?
Tinea versicolor is a chronic skin disorder caused by cell proliferation and inflammation. Common skin lesions are red patches, scaly surface, very limited, with the distribution site usually at the extremities of the limbs and scalp. Tinea versicolor itchy is also common.
Who can suffer from tinea versicolor?
About 1-2% of the world population has tinea versicolor. All ages can have tinea versicolor. However, the disease usually starts between 15 and 30 years of age. Men and women have the same symptoms.
What causes tinea versicolor?
Tinea versicolor due to benign heterogeneous disorders of the epidermal cells. So far, the real cause of tinea versicolor is unknown , but many studies have shown that tinea versicolor is linked to genes and immune disorders in the body, leading to rapid and abnormal growth of skin cells. In addition, some environmental factors contribute to the onset, aggravation and aggravation of tinea versicolor. These include:
- Trauma: tinea versicolor can appear in injured skin even with slight scratches.
- Infections: Upper respiratory tract infections such as pharyngitis, tonsillitis can cause tinea versicolor to start, or worsen the condition of tinea versicolor. The tinea versicolor contagious may cause tinea versicolor. HIV infection also aggravates tinea versicolor.
- Medications: Some medications may cause onset or worsening of tinea versicolor such as antihypertensive drugs (beta-blockers), anti-malarial (chloroquin), lithium, some resistance Non-steroid (indomethacine), progesterone and corticosteroid.
- Stress: anxiety, anxiety, anger, stress are often more likely to cause outbreaks and severe tinea versicolor.
- Weather: cold and dry weather can cause tinea versicolor outbreaks. Hot, sunny and humid weather usually alleviates the disease. However, some people often develop a more severe illness when exposed to sunlight (light sensitive tinea versicolor).
- Alcohol and cigarettes: worsening tinea versicolor.
How does tinea versicolor manifest?
Tinea versicolor is usually expressed in the form of red patches, scaly on the surface, very limited. Any but most common location is the scalp, elbows, knees, sacred bones. In severe cases, the patient may develop more pustules or redness of the entire body. In addition to skin lesions, some people may have nail lesions with multiple nail marks, or discolored yellowing, or nail thickening or damage to the entire nail.
Types of tinea versicolor
Tinea versicolor has many forms but plaque tinea versicolor is the most common form. Types of tinea versicolor include:
- Tinea versicolor on the skin: On the skin there is a clear red border, the top is thick white scaly (skin fungus white spot). When touching the affected area, it becomes dry and hard. It is more difficult to determine if the lesion is only present in the head due to the hair’s obscurity, so it should be noted: if the natural head sees the bucket more and thicker than before. It may be tinea versicolor arms or tinea versicolor face.
- Candle tinea versicolor: Thick nails or small holes on the nail surface.
- Tinea versicolor in joints: The joints are deformed, the patient is difficult to mobilize.
- Pituitary tinea versicolor: The skin has dry and shallow pustules.
- Tinea versicolor redness of the body: This in the dry season grows stronger, causing pain to the patient when the affected skin is affected or the skin is cracked. (Sometimes mistaken for skin cracks are also common in the dry season).
How to identify psoriasis?
Tinea versicolor is mainly determined by examination. Dermatology doctors, skin lesions, nails and lesions will determine the exact nature of tinea versicolor. In the unspecified case, the doctor will biopsy the affected skin area for accurate diagnosis. Blood or urine test cannot help diagnose tinea versicolor.
Does tinea versicolor have spread?
Tinea versicolor cannot spread from person to person and does not spread from one position to another in the body. However, many current research shows that the tinea versicolor is inherited (10% if the mother or father disease, 40% if the parents are sick) .
What are the symptoms of tinea versicolor?
Tinea versicolor is an unstable disease, if not properly treated and treated, the following complications may occur:
- Red skin whole body.
- Psoriasis pus.
- Skin infections.
- Alcoholism, tobacco.
- Damage caused by drugs, alcohol.
Some recent studies have shown that tinea versicolor is a risk factor for metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular disease (ie, more susceptible to metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular disease), especially for severe tinea versicolor.
What is tinea versicolor treatment?
Currently there are no methods that can completely cure tinea versicolor. The main goal of treatment is to reduce inflammation and to control the proliferation of skin cells, help patients prolong the disease’s stability as well as prevent and minimize the complications of the disease.
Therefore, patients should follow the skin specialist’s instructions as well as know what to do and should not do daily to help control and live peace with the disease better. In getting rid of tinea versicolor, there are many treatments for tinea versicolor:
- Spot: Usually used in mild to moderate scales, can be used alone or in combination with other methods. There are many topical remedies available for tinea versicolor treatment today, but all of them require the guidance of a skin specialist. Those are tinea versicolor cream or tinea versicolor lotion which including corticosteroids, vitamin D3, calcineurin, retinoid, tar, Anthralin and salicylic acid.
- Whole body: Medications like Vitamin A Acid, Methotrexate, Cyclosporin … These medications work well, but there are many side effects such as can cause teratogenic, leucopenia, liver, kidney dysfunction…
Therapy by combining these methods with ultraviolet (UVA) UVB or PUVA methods being used to treat tinea versicolor, different treatments may be possible. Side effects include dry and wrinkled skin, freckles and increased risk of skin cancer, including melanoma, the most severe form of skin cancer.
- Biopsy: This is a new class of method that inhibit specific components of the immune response. In recent years, many biological agents have been used to treat tinea versicolor such as Efanecept, Alefacept, Efalizumab, etc.
Many countries, such as USA and UK , France, Australia … have applied this method and achieved good results. However, this method is expensive and has many side effects (respiratory infection, immune system disorders, tumor growth, lymphatic increase …) which can even be fatal so not applied widely.
- Phototherapy: Use light to treat psoriasis like UVA, UVB, laser (Excimer). UV rays attack and destroy the DNA in the cell thereby destroying the entire cell.
- If the disease is present in the foot, it is advisable to always wear socks that are out of the way, which will help dry the skin to feel dry, while preventing cracks in the infected skin. Limit contact with soap (soap).
What is a tinea versicolor diet?
If you have a reasonable diet, sometimes it is more effective than using tinea versicolor medications.
Food patients should eat:
- Sea fish: There are many omega-3s such as salmon, mackerel, …. Many studies have shown that omega-3 inhibits inflammatory substances in tinea versicolor such as leucotriene 3 and 5. If you take 150g of fish every day for a long time, it will be very effective in treating.
- Vegetables with lots of beta-carotene: such as avocado, carrots, and especially mango, are rich in beta-carotene, which has the potential to protect the skin structure.
- Black sesame: The black sesame oil contains omega-3 fatty acids that provide the essential vitamin E for the collagen under the skin. Therefore, the processed food from the black sesame is very good for people with tinea versicolor.
- Broccoli: Folic acid plays an important role in the synthesis of antibodies. Broccoli added in daily meals will provide essential folic acid for the scalp.
- Clams: Zinc is a vital mineral needed for the skin and increased resistance to the body. In it, clams provide large quantities of zinc. If not allergy to seafood, this is a good source of nutrition for tinea versicolor patients.
Foods people should avoid
Tinea versicolor patients should be cautious with the most allergenic food allergens, especially protein and fish food: shrimp, crabs, crabs, bamboo shoots, sausages, chicken, canned goods, eggs. Foods with high levels of fats: sugar, milk, fat, butter, chocolate, sweets and syrups.
In addition, patients with tinea versicolor should pay attention to: limit exposure to chemicals such as soap, shampoo, shower gel, … Precautions when using cosmetics: perfume, make-up, lotion, medicine Dye your hair … Spending time each morning in the sun for about 15 minutes will be very good for the sick. However, do not stay too long in the sun. Not to take a hot bath; Skin damage and not scratch, brush, rub to avoid further spread.
Tinea versicolor and candida
A study published in 2014 concluded that super antigens and toxins from Candida can play different roles in exacerbating and prolonging tinea versicolor. 60% of tinea versicolor candida patients were positive in comparison to 20% of the control group in the oral trial and 15% of the tinea versicolor patients were positive in comparison with 4% of the control group in the skin test.
The relationship between tinea versicolor severity and Candida on skin or intestinal localization has been confirmed in another study by 2015.
Natural remedies for tinea versicolor
Tinea versicolor natural treatment is also important and essential for you. These are some natural remedies for tinea versicolor that you can try at home.
Sunbathe is an easy and effective tinea versicolor natural remedy. Vitamin D is important in cell growth and regeneration of healthy skin. Sunshine is the main catalyst for vitamin D production in the body.
So people with tinea versicolor, it is advised to sunbathe each day in the early morning in less than 20 minutes. Note that when applying this method, it is essential that you wear sunglasses and apply sunscreen to prevent tinea versicolor areas before going out in the sun. Your skin should be sunbathing every day. If the skin is red or dry, it must be stopped, more serious, the doctor must be informed.
Vitamin D supplementation from food
Consuming foods rich in vitamin D will reduce inflammation throughout the body. With the combination of UV light from the sun, vitamin D can reduce discomfort and prevent tinea versicolor.
Foods rich in vitamin D include: milk, fruit juices, salmon, tuna, egg yolk or cheese…
Apply aloe vera gel
Aloe vera or aloe vera has been used for centuries to treat burns, heal wounds and soothe the skin. Applying aloe vera gel to tinea versicolor will help improve the appearance of skin peeling.
They have the effect of soothing, moisturizing, nourishing the skin, reducing redness, itching.
You can use fresh aloe vera directly on the skin of tinea versicolor or buy aloe vera gel in cosmetics stores.
Use apple cider vinegar
Using apple cider vinegar works to reduce itching for patients with tinea versicolor effectively. But you should pay attention if you have an open wounds. It is possible to mix a little skin lotion to increase the moisturizing effect, reduce the expansion of the peeling skin.
Vinegar apple cider vinegar can be used to drink or soak your fingers, feet, and apply directly to the affected skin. If drinking, dilute 15 ml of apple cider vinegar with a glass of warm water filled with 250 ml, take a 30-minute meal.
Use coconut oil, olive oil, tea tree oil
Some tinea versicolor essential oils such as coconut oil or olive oil are useful. Using coconut oil, olive oil applied directly to the skin tinea versicolor, 2 or 3 times per day, tinea versicolor for a long time will help dry, itch significantly improved. Coconut or olive oil is appropriate, contains many nutrients, has a moisturizing effect, softens and soothes the itching effectively. Using tea tree oil for tinea versicolor is also effective.
Coconut oil contains fatty acids: When tinea versicolor causes skin damage, dehydration causes roughness, which means using coconut oil to help restore moisture to your skin well. Also, improve the damage caused by tinea versicolor is very good, simply because fatty acids contained in coconut oil will help effectively balance your cell walls.
Coconut oil contains an extremely useful ingredient for tinea versicolor that is mono glyceride, which helps fight off the bacteria that cause the disease. This can be considered a natural antibiotic that overcomes tinea versicolor very well. Let get some coconut oil tinea versicolor at home.
How to get rid of tinea versicolor?
Beside diet for tinea versicolor and tinea versicolor home treatments above, you should take do these following advice to have the best treatments for tinea versicolor.
- Avoid stress.
- Avoid brush and peel (Kobner phenomenon)
- Avoid contact with highly alkaline substances such as soap, lime, etc., as the area of the skin becomes enlarged.
- Be careful when taking medicine if you have more cardiovascular disease.
- Avoid infections: Especially ear, nose and throat infections.
- Avoid alcohol: Because alcohol makes it worse and correlates with medications.
- Should be optimistic with the disease: due to benign and widespread disease, science progresses incessantly in finding the true cause of the disease and every year new drugs and treatments are more effective.
- Avoid scratching the skin in this area, will cause infection, wound up painful. Be careful when using over-the-counter remedies, it is important to take a close look at the topical remedies that affect the affected area.
Questions and Answers
1. How tinea versicolor cure fast?
At present, there are no methods that can completely cure tinea versicolor. The treatment gold is reducing the symptoms and complications. So that we cannot cure tinea versicolor fast of course.
2. Is tinea versicolor spreading?
Tinea versicolor cannot spread from a person to the other person and does not spread from one position to another in the body. So that, don not worry when you or your friend have tinea versicolor.
3. Should I take a bath when I have tinea versicolor?
You should not expose with the water when you have tinea versicolor. So, should not take a bath.
4. Does tinea versicolor leave scar when it is controlled?
Yes. But you should try some home treatment for tinea versicolor because it can prevent scar when naturasil tinea versicolor is controlled.
5. If I am pregnant, what should I do when I have tinea versicolor?
You should meet the doctor to get some advice from him. Do not have tinea versicolor treatment over the counter or treat by yourself.
6. I have some darkened skin under breasts, is that tinea versicolor?
The darkened skin under breasts cannot prove that you have tinea versicolor. You should see the doctor and through your symptoms and the examination, you may know you have tinea versicolor or not.