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Throwing up bile is a different situation with regular vomit that bile excretes fluid from the gall bladder. Vomiting consists of undigested food and amount of bile. There are a number of reasons that lead to throwing up bile such as digestive problem, respiratory system or dehydration. Everything you want to know about how to stop throwing up bile, causes, treatment, and prevention will be presented in this article.
What are functions of bile and what color is bile?
Bile is juice that is secreted from the liver and stored in the gall bladder. There are two main functions of bile, including:
- Is a means to excrete waste or toxins from the blood.
- Support the fat digestion process.
Otherwise, bile brings excess cholesterol out and dumps it through the gastrointestinal tract. Bile contains these substances: chlorine, potassium, calcium, fatty acids, bilirubin, water, bile salts, lecithin and bicarbonate ions.
Bile salts are recycled and secreted into duodenum along with other materials as bile. Bile salts will go into the liver by passing via the portal circulation.
Bile assists the body to absorb the breakdown substances of fat in the gut then combine with lipids to form micelles. Furthermore, bile salts can emulsify fats and divide it into small particles.
Bile is a dark green or yellowish brown fluid. Sometimes, you can see it is commonly called the color of grass. That’s why some people will call the bile vomitare vomited green bile, bright yellow vomit or green vomit.
What is throwing up bile?
Throwing up bile might be called as yellow bile or yellow vomit. This is one of the popular issues that everyone meets once. Most people suffer from vomiting bile in the morning or without reason. When the color of your vomit is greenish yellow, then it can be throwing up yellow bile.
Gastric juices (bile) never appear in the stomach in the normal process. However, when something happens in the digestive system, the pyloric sphincter will open abnormally. After that, food goes from the small intestine mix with food from the stomach that leads to a gastric fluid typically yellow .
Why do we throw up?
It is good to know the causes that result to throwing, up bile then we are going to know how to stop yourself from throwing up. There are some reasons that make it happen such as stomach virus, an empty stomach or other conditions. Take a look to see the root of throwing up bile situation.
1. Bile reflux
You might get acid reflux from the stomach into the esophagus when the acid comes backward. However, bile reflux is different with throwing up stomach acid. This situation occurs when there is too much bile in the stomach, and the body wants to kick it out then it leads to throwing up yellow liquid (throwing up bile).
There are some probably reasons that cause throwing up bile are stomach surgery and peptic ulcers. You might suffer from with some signs and symptoms such as nausea, abdominal discomfort or hoarseness. Additionally, you should seek medical attention.
2. Gastrointestinal problems
Your intestine is probably blocked because of a twisted intestine, therefore, it is a serious condition if it is not cured immediately. Because of that foods will move back up then induce bile vomiting. There are some popular reasons that can cause a blockage in your intestines such as:
- Hernia: the intestine bulges out into the abdomen due to a weaken part in the intestine.
- Adhesions: there are some scars in the intestine that might form after pelvic or abdominal surgery.
- Diverticulitis: this condition might lead some pouches in the intestine wall.
- Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis: these make inflamed intestine.
- Colorectal cancer: the tumors may block some part of the intestine if they grow bigger.
On the other hand, you might get gastroenteritis that is caused by virus due to eating contaminated food. When the stomach gets an infection, some common symptoms are diarrhea, throwing up bile, abdominal cramps or dehydration. In some cases, you might be unable to digest food for a few days (generally 2-3 days) then throwing up bile is occurred after meals .
3. Nothing in the stomach
When your stomach is empty, there is only bile in there. Thus it can make you feel nausea and lead to throwing up bile. This is explaining that the vomit bile is greenish yellow. You should consume enough food for the body to avoid hunger or starvation such a long time.
4. Respiratory inflammation
Do you know infected lungs might cause yellow bile? Otherwise, with common cold or pneumonia will result to throwing up bile because of a big mucus production. There are inflamed microbes and dwell bacteria inside that mucus will move down the throat and go into the stomach.
Then, it stays gradually inside the digestive system to stimulate throwing up yellow bile plus with rich mucus. When the respiratory inflammation is treated then throwing up bile will go away. But you should need advice from a professional.
5. Pyloric valve malfunction
Pyloric valve malfunction is commonly in the older people. It might lead to throwing up yellow bile because the main function of the pyloric valve is regulating bile. Bile is released to break down fats. The bile goes from the gall bladder into the small intestine, and then pyloric valve creates a small opening to seal food.
When the valve does not close appropriately, bile will combine with acid that from the stomach to lead impairment like pain, heartburn or throwing up bile. It is suggested to meet a doctor and resolve this condition.
Why can dehydration cause vomiting yellow bile? Because dehydration is severely deprived of water, then it reaches to the extreme level that leads to light-headedness, low blood pressure or dizziness. At this moment, there is only stomach bile, therefore, it throws up bile.
You need to take enough water and fluids in this situation.
7. Alcohol or drug
Consumption too much alcohol is harmful materials for the whole body. When you drink alcohol for a long time, then it might irritate the stomach then cause throwing up yellow bile condition. Moreover, there is no food or any substance in the stomach, bile and alcohol are things thus your body will meet throwing up bile.
Additionally, some certain drugs might affect the body and stimulate vomit such as digitalis and morphine.
Some people complain that they have yellow vomit, brown vomit, dark vomit or even pink vomiting. This is explained that you ate variety foods and they are not actual yellow bile as normally.
Moreover, food poisoning is one of the important factors to get throwing up bile. Because when you eat some uncooked or unhygienic foods, it will poison and infect bacteria or viruses. Some typical symptoms like yellow liquid diarrhea, fever, abdominal pain and yellow bile.
In rare cases, when you allergic to some specific foods but you still consume then the first forceful reaction is vomiting. At this moment, food is not digested totally, and there is bile in the stomach thus, bile combines with food excrete out. In more words, you can get other serious symptoms such as stomach cramps or breathing difficulties.
9. Cyclic vomiting syndrome
Cyclic vomiting syndrome is a rare situation that might urge throwing up bile. This syndrome is repeated vomiting gradually for some hours to days and affects the upper GI tract that consists of the stomach, duodenum, small intestine, mouth, and esophagus.
There are some symptoms including a headache, diarrhea, vomiting, loss of appetite and dizziness.
When vomiting occurs continuously, it might stimulate your stomach creates excess bile. Then, it will go up with yellow vomit.
10. Morning sickness
This is a common sign of the first stage of pregnancy. Women feel dizziness and nausea. It is common with throwing up bile or yellow vomit. However, it is not harming to the pregnancy.
Furthermore, if throwing up excessive can cause dehydration thus you should ensure enough water and liquid for your body.
How to stop throwing up bile?
How to not throw up bile is not difficult as you think. In general, treatments for throwing up bile base on the causes.
If you get a food poison or severe dehydration, you might take intravenous fluids and electrolytes.
If the main cause is bile reflux, you must see a doctor then he/she will prescribe some medications such as: ursodeoxycholic acid or bile acid sequestrants. These drugs or its generics help change the composition of bile and disrupt the circulation of bile.
If medications don’t treat well the issue, you might get surgery. It will keep bile flow into the stomach by connecting to the small intestine.
On the other hands, a surgery removes the obstruction, blockage or adhesions. For colorectal cancer, treatments can include radiation, surgery, chemotherapy, and targeted therapies.
Preventions for throwing up bile
Water might improve the immune system and eliminate all harmful bacteria out of the body. Otherwise, water can prevent the excessive loss of bile. Typically, when you get food poisoning or digestive problems, the body is good hydration to avoid throwing up bile.
Make sure you drink enough of fluid or water (about 8 cups or 2 liters) everyday. You can drink some fruit juices as well.
Take frequent and small meals
Many studies showed that consume small and frequent meals per day will reduce the pressure on the intestine. Furthermore, it helps your stomach feel full all day to ease a number of calories. When you intake large or heavy meals, then it pressures to the digestive system, and the stomach and intestine need to work hard. It might cause bile reflux.
There are some kinds of foods you can eat such as: salty snacks, fruit juice or salad.
Avoid alcohol and smoking
Smoking dries up fluid in the body. Therefore, it can lead to vomit bile with saliva. Smoking for a long time might lead to COPD or some respiratory diseases thus yellow bile can throw up with mucus when the lung is inflamed.
We have well acknowledged that drinking too much alcohol can affect to the digestive system even destroy the stomach. Otherwise, alcohol is one of the main factors cause cancer. Do not drink more than one or two cups of alcoholic per day.
Some people can allergic to specific foods, therefore, they should avoid these foods. Otherwise, eating fresh and safe foods might help you prevent throwing up bile.
Eating healthy might change your life. Avoiding trigger foods not only how to keep from throwing up bile, but it also prevents some risk factors that cause diseases.
The trigger foods include: caffeinated drinks, chocolate, mint, onions, vinegar-based dressings, carbonated beverages and spicy foods.
Home remedies for throwing up bile
Herbals are good remedies for vomit. You can apply some home remedies to reduce vomiting bile situation .
- Cinnamon: Take a cup of water then boiling it. Add one teaspoon of cinnamon powder then steep for several minutes and wait for strained.
- Ginger: take a teaspoon of lemon juice and ginger juice then drink a few times per day. Alternatively, take some ginger tea with some drops of honey to feel comfortable .
- Fennel: this remedy is perfect to calm the digestive system. You can add a teaspoon of it with one cup of boiling water then steep about 10 minutes and drink when it is strained.
When to see the doctor
When you apply some home remedies, change your foods and others methods, but they are not effective. You have got some symptoms below; you should go to see a doctor:
- Chest pain
- Breath problems
- Vomit up red materials
- Severe abdomen pain
- Lost weight without trying
Questions and Answers
1. If I threw up green mucus, is it throwing up bile or not?
Firstly, there are many reasons that can cause throw up green mucus. If you have inflamed lungs, then it products amount of mucus then when you vomit it can be green. In more words, common cold, esophagus reflux or allergies. You should consider to your body to find the accurate reason for green mucus.
2. If I can’t stop vomiting? What should I do?
If you eat foods poison, then you should vomit all foods then drink enough of water then see how your body reacts. After that, if it is not better you should go to see a doctor know detail problem.
3. How many meals per day should I eat?
According to a bunch of studies, you should eat 4-6 meals per day. However, you might eat the larger amount of food in the three main meals then eat snacks or fruits in the small meals. In other words, the old studies show that eating small and frequent meals does not increase the metabolic rate.
4. How do I sit after vomiting?
You can wait for two or three hours after eating, then lie down to allow food digested, and the body feels calm.
5. Why should I lose weight to reduce throwing up bile?
For obesity people, bile reflux is a common situation that they have. The pressure from the body will affect the internal organs typically stomach and intestine. Therefore, losing weight can ease the excess bile.