Chickenpox can cause serious complications. At present, there are no chicken pox cures. Current treatment for chickenpox is mainly symptomatic treatment and specific treatment with an antiviral. The prevalence is high in urban areas, populated areas and in colder months. The most common age is 2-7 years, rarely seen in children less than 6 months .
This is a benign disease but it needs to be detected early and careful care, if not treated promptly and properly will cause many dangerous complications such as pneumonia, encephalitis, and meninges . Therefore, it is necessary to base on the symptoms of the disease to detect and treat in time.
So that it is very important to understand the causes, complications, caring, preventions and know some natural treatments for how to get rid of chicken pox.
The cause of the illness
Chickenpox is an infectious disease, caused by the Varicella Zoster virus and usually bursts into the fluid in the spring .
Viruses that cause chickenpox are mainly spread through the respiratory tract (or air). Healthy people are susceptible to infection if they breathe droplets when the chickenpox coughs, sneezes or sneezes. In addition, when exposed to chickenpox patients, the disease can be spread from the water bulb when it is ruptured, from infected skin or from an infected person. In particular, unfortunate pregnant women will be very contagious to the fetus through the placenta.
At the onset, the patient may have fever, headache, muscle pain, in some cases children may have no warning signs.
When you have chickenpox, the body will appear some nodes. These are small round dots appearing quickly within 12-24 hours, these nodes will evolve into blisters, water bubbles. Nodules can grow throughout the body or scattered throughout the body, with an average of about 100 to 500 nodules. Under normal circumstances, these blisters dry up, become scaly and completely heal in 4 to 5 days .
In children, chickenpox usually lasts about 5 to 10 days resulting in absences or school breaks. About 10 to 14 days after entering the body, the patient starts showing symptoms of chickenpox. Young children often have a mild fever, anorexia, and adults with high fever, headache, muscle aches, nausea.
After that, the body will begin to blister in the head, the extremities, and the body. Vesicles are a few millimeters in diameter. If severe, blisters will be larger or when infected with bladder bacteria will be a turbid color to contain pus. After 1-2 days new beans appear. Many floating pots are a warning sign that the disease may progress.
After the pot sprout, the patient usually has a fever and dry wounds and then flakes some days later. However, it will leave a faint scar on the skin after a few weeks. The disease usually lasts about 2 weeks.
Complications of chickenpox
Normally, chicken pox is benign. But the disease can also cause serious complications such as meningitis, hemorrhage, septicemia, nudism infection, cellulitis, hepatitis… Some cases can be fatal if the patient is not timely treatment.
Chickenpox encephalitis also occurs, not rare: after chickenpox, the child becomes suddenly irritable, sometimes accompanied by convulsions, coma. These cases can carry long-term neurological problems such as deafness, delayed development, epilepsy etc.
Chickenpox can cause serious complications, especially in young children. There are dangerous complications of chickenpox:
- Infection at the pits: When the pea is broken or scratched, it can cause inflammation, skin infections causing skin inflammation, impetigo, even cause acute glomerulonephritis… If not treated promptly. The injury will be deep, widespread, leaving pitted scars cause loss of aesthetics, also lead to severe cellulitis, septicemia.
- Pneumonia: Complications are more common in adults than children and usually occur on days 3-5 of illness. High fever, shortness of breath, difficulty breathing, cyanosis, chest pain, coughing up blood, this is a very dangerous complication, the patient can die.
- Encephalitis: Chicken pox can cause aseptic meningitis to encephalitis, which is common in adults. With this complication, the mortality rate is 5-20%. Even when rescued, it is possible to leave the heavy situation or to live in a vegetative state.
Chickenpox complications on pregnant women
If the mother has chickenpox from 5 days before to 2 days after birth, babies are more likely to develop chickenpox and have high mortality (about 30%).
Pregnant women who have chickenpox in the first half of their pregnancy can cause abnormalities in the brain, skin of the fetus.
If the mother had chickenpox before birth for more than a week of benign progression, antibiotic childbirth should not be very dangerous.
Mothers who have chickenpox when pregnant are less than 20 weeks pregnant will have a small percentage (about 2%) with congenital chickenpox syndrome with signs of skin scars, underweight, eye diseases (cataracts Crystals, retinal damage…), short arms and legs, mental head, mental retardation…
How to get rid of chicken pox effectively
There is no cure for the disease, but the treatment for chickenpox depends on the early detection of disease in the first 24 hours . It is necessary for the patient to see the doctor immediately. Based on the condition, the doctor will give you inpatient treatment or home treatment.
The most important thing in the treatment and care of chicken pox patients is skin cleansing and body hygiene:
- Let the patient lie down in a cool, clean and readily digestible environment
- Pay attention to cut off fingernails and keep your hands clean
- Young children should wear gloves, rub the powdered sterile or powder all over the baby to help to itch
- Bath with antiseptic solution
- Avoid rubbing against water splashes
Adults who have not contracted can also get sick and the disease is usually severe. Patients often high fever 39-40°C , weight loss, delirium; the nodes may be accompanied by blood.
How to get rid of chicken pox in children
In malnourished children, rickets, people with eczema or blood disorders, severe illness, nodules or ulcers, necrosis, containing gray mucus. Sometimes there is acute nephritis, otitis media, pneumonia, keratitis, transient myelitis, aseptic meningitis.
If the child scratches or improperly takes care of the infection, the infection may be superficial, causing severe skin infections or bacterial sepsis.
- The sick child must give quarantine at home during the period from the onset of the disease to the scaling of the scab. Before the children return to kindergarten, classroom… must wash the child’s scales clean.
- Keep your baby’s skin clean. Clothes must be washed with soap and clean water before wearing. Pay attention to keep your hands clean and shorten your fingernails; Young children should wear gloves, rub the talc or sterile powder throughout the body to help to itch. Daily (2-3 days) small eyes, nose antiseptic such as chloramphenicol 0.4% or argyrols 1%.
- When the node breaks, only green methylene should be applied; do not grease tetracycline, penicillin or red.
- Do not use antibiotics on your own. All cases must necessarily be prescribed and guided by the physician.
- When children are suddenly high fever or not very thick, or natural tears, afraid of light need to go to the doctor immediately.
Specific chicken pox treatment with antiviral drugs
Chickenpox is a benign disease, antiviral medication is only used in severe cases, chickenpox pneumonia complications, organ dysfunction or immune compromised patients such as HIV/AIDS, pregnant women, transplant recipients, long-term steroid use. However, because the disease is often severe in adolescents and adults should consider using drugs for these objects.
Acyclovir (adenine guanosine): Acyclovir is an antiviral drug that is a member of DNA polymerase inhibitors.
- It is a guanosine derivative into the body under the action of thymidine kinase and some other enzymes acyclovir triphosphate, which is a one-sidedly competitive inhibitor of the viral polymerase, thus inhibiting DNA replication.
- On the other hand, it attaches to the end of the DNA sequence and serves as the end-chain of the DNA, thus inhibiting the multiplication of the virus.
- It is noteworthy that the concentration of acyclovir triphosphate in the infected cell is 50-100 times higher in healthy cells and that the DNA of the virus is more sensitive to acyclovir triphosphate than that of the host cell. Therefore, the cytotoxicity of acyclovir triphosphate with the cell Heal less well than infected cells.
- Acyclovir can be administered by mouth, injection or topical route (topically applied), widely distributed in body fluids and organs such as kidneys, brain, liver, lungs… and food does not affect the ability to absorb drugs.
- The elimination half-life is from 3 to 4 hours, so after 4 to 5 hours, the drug is taken once. The medication is most effective if used within 24 hours before the water balloon, average 5-7 days or until no new water bubbles appear.
- The dose depends on the age or weight (for infants). In more severe cases or complications such as meningitis, children with immunodeficiency, intravenous acyclovir can be used.
Caring for patients with chickenpox
As a respiratory infection and direct contact with a nasal discharge, when a child has chickenpox, the first step is to keep the baby at home until it is gone. Add vitamin C, nose drops twice a day for children. Wear soft clothing, sweat absorbency and pay special attention to ensuring baby’s skin hygiene to avoid complications. Keep your hands clean. When you need to contact people with chickenpox, wear a mask.
After contact, wash hands immediately with soap. Especially pregnant women should absolutely avoid contact with the sick. You should note that avoiding breaking up the chicken pox because it can cause secondary infections and can form long-lasting chicken pox scars.
- Located in a private, well-ventilated, sun-lit room, the isolation time is approximately 7 to 10 days from the onset of the disease (rash) until the scales are completely scaly.
- Use personal items: face towels, cups, bowls, bowls, and chopsticks.
- Nasal Pharynx hygiene daily with 0.9% saline solution.
- Change your clothes and wash them daily with warm, clean water.
- Wear loose, lightweight clothing.
- Keep your nails clean, or keep your baby’s nails clean, or you can use a baby’s hand glove to prevent secondary skin infections caused by scratching your baby’s skin.
- Eat soft, liquid, easy to digest foods, drink plenty of water, especially fruit juice.
- Use Methylene blue to point to the broken water.
- In the case of high fever, the usual antipyretic analgesic drugs may be used, but according to the physician’s instructions, antibiotics may be used in case of infected nodules: papules with pus around.
- If the patient feels: Uncomfortable, lethargic, tired, convulsive, coma or hemorrhage should be directed to medical facilities for follow-up and treatment.
Prevention of chicken pox
Although the disease can spread rapidly in the community, there are currently active measures to prevent chickenpox, which is vaccination with vaccines. For children 12 months to 12 years of age, one dose and the second dose should be given at the first dose of 6 weeks onwards or in the range of 4-6 years to increase the effectiveness of the disease and reduce the incidence of chickenpox.
Come back although previously vaccinated. For children over 13, young adults and adults, 2 doses of vaccines should be separated by 6 weeks.
When there are people in the family, school, office… need to isolate patients from 7 to 10 days to avoid spread to the community. If the child is in school age, the illness must be absent from school and adults must take a 1 to 2-week leave. However, isolation does not guarantee protection against others because the virus can spread from before blisters and after the blisters have healed.
- Passive Immune Immunosuppression: Immune globulins such as VZIG (Zoster immune globin) or HZIP (Zoster immune plasma) for people with impaired immunity after direct contact with a person with chickenpox. Targeted subjects include children less than 15 years of age who are immune composed not had chickenpox or have not been vaccinated; infants born to mothers who have chickenpox within 5 days before or 2 days after born. The drug only needs a single dose.
- Active Immunization: Getting vaccinated against chickenpox is the most effective solution today. Prophylaxis is 90-100% with severe chickenpox and 70-90% with mild chickenpox. Vaccines protect against long-term immunity for long life, high safety, fewer side effects.
Currently, doctors recommend giving chickenpox shots to most children. Just inject 2 shots. The first injection is given at 1 year and the second shot (at 4). For adults who have not had chickenpox, they can be vaccinated at any time.
Natural home remedies for chickenpox
Rinsing mouth is very important
People with chickenpox need to clean their own personal hygiene to avoid the risk of shingles later shingles. Gargling with saline is the simplest treatment for chicken pox. Making a mouth rinse daily, morning and evening will help relieve itching and prevent chickenpox in the mouth.
Chickenpox remedies with herbal tea
Herbal teas have been proven chickenpox relief very well and are recommended by health experts. Using catnip tea along with molasses helps reduce fever when it is chickenpox.
Brown Vinegar is useful for chickenpox
Using brown vinegar to the bath helps to reduce the chickenpox itching and quicker scabs. Use 1/2 cup vinegar into the bath; soak in the bath for at least 10 minutes a day.
Use yellow dock roots
A little yellow chitin herb is used to relieve itching and to make it dry, scaling and healing faster.
How to do: Use 15g chopped yellow cheddar root to boil 2 cups of water. Apply this color to the skin of chickenpox, or can drink 1/4 cup, divided into several times a day.
However, it should be noted that the leaves are slightly yellowish yellow so it is absolutely used only the roots.
Remember to avoid the sun
Patients with chickenpox should be isolated in a spacious, cool room, avoid direct contact with the sun. Sunlight causes more acne.
Natural chickenpox treatment with honey
The honey is considered as one of the most effective homemade remedies for chickenpox which contains many nutrients that are good for health and beauty. People with chicken pox use natural honey on the damaged skin to absorb nutrients into the skin. It is one of the greatest ways in how to remove chickenpox scars. This is the fastest way to treat chicken pox.
Chickenpox treatment with lavender oil
Lavender essential oil helps to reduce the itchiness of the chickenpox, prevent the spread of vesicles, and provide a soothing sensation to the skin.
Vitamin E oil in chickenpox treatment
Vitamin E oil will help the chicken pox vesicles quickly disappear. Use vitamin E oil rubbed throughout the body to absorb and skin better.
Baking soda bath for chickenpox
The baking soda solution helps the chicken pox to go away and prevent new blistering. You can put baking soda in a small glass and then apply to the blisters and the surrounding skin. You also add some baking soda when taking a bath later, to improving healing and removing scars fast.
Bath with the leaves
People with chickenpox take a bath in a misconception, which makes it worse. To treat chicken pox as quickly as possible, use the leaves to bathe. Bathing with warm sultry leaves not only reduces the chickenpox itching but also helps the bumps to heal faster.
How to remove chickenpox scars
Chickenpox causes many problems later even when chickenpox goes away. Chickenpox on the face may affect to your beauty because it leaves many scars to the face. You should try some useful chicken pox scars removal methods in following.
A honey mask combining deep cleansing for chicken pox and skin whitening
Honey is one of the natural ingredients that are friendly to the skin. Honey contains antimicrobial agents, anti- inflammatory swelling to help cleanse the face. At the same time, honey has the ability to regenerate the skin, beat the bruises in the skin, damage and help smooth skin beautiful white.
Use of honey to deep scar due to chicken pox as follows:
- You should apply honey directly to scarred areas
- Let about 15 minutes then rinse with clean water
- If applied for a long time, this method of chicken pox is very effective
How to remove old scar after chicken pox with lime juice
Vitamin C and light citric acid in lemon can help brighten dark areas of the skin and scars left by chicken pox. This is one of the simplest ways to remove scar after chicken pox. Usage as follows:
- First, you should wash your face clean before doing
- You use a cotton swab soaked slightly on the skin
- For about 15 minutes and then rinse with warm water
Vitamin E – a special treatment for deep scar caused by chicken pox
You can use pure vitamin E on the scar area 3-4 times a day, sure after a month; the dark scars from the chicken pox left will fade significantly or even disappeared Mark.
Pure Vitamin E works to effectively reduce the dark scar effectively. You can easily buy Vitamin E from pharmacies or cosmetics stores near your home.
Use fresh milk to beautify the skin after deepening chicken pox
In addition to using natural ingredients, you have an extra dose of chicken pox from daily food such as fresh milk. Use fresh milk to wash your face every day for the special effect of deep scar caused by chicken pox. Lactic acid in milk not only helps to scars the scars but also helps to brighten and smooth the skin.
In addition, you can also make masks to cover by mixing fresh milk with oatmeal and a few drops of lemon juice and then apply this paste mixture to the dark scars for about 30 minutes and rinse with warm water.
Hope this article provided all thing that answer for question how to get rid of chicken pox.
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